Common Childhood Diseases

  • Impetigo: A contagious skin infection that usually produces blisters or sores on the face, neck, hands and diaper area and is one of the most common skin infections among kids.
    • Common signs and symptoms:
    • itchy rash
    • red sores that blister, then ooze
    • the sores may grow in size and spread
    when the blisters break, they form a flat, honey-colored crust
    Diligent hand washing is advised. If you suspect impetigo, your student needs to be seen by your health care provider. If your student is diagnosed with impetigo, he/she should not return  to school until under treatment for 24 hours or until the lesions are dry.

    Hand Foot and Mouth Disease is a common viral illness of infants and children. The disease causes fever and blister-like eruptions in the mouth and/or a skin rash.
    Symptoms usually appear 3-5 days after exposure
    • Common Signs and Symptoms:
    • Fever
    • Poor Appetite
    • Runny Nose  
    • Sore Throat
    • A blister-like rash on the hands, feet and in the mouth usually develops 1 to 2 days after initial symptoms
    Children with a rash and a fever should not attend school.
    Hand Foot Mouth disease is contagious and it is best controlled by diligent hand washing.

    Conjunctivitis Commonly known as Pink Eye
    Conjunctivitis can be bacterial, viral or allergic, so it is very important that, if your child has the symptoms below, you should call your child's health care provider for guidance
    • Common Signs and Symptoms
    • Irritated swollen eyes or eyelids
    • Itching of the eyes
    • Excessive tears 
    • Blurred vision that clears with blinking
    • Green or yellow discharge
    • Painful dried or crusted discharge on the eyelids
    Pink eye can be contagious and it is best controlled by diligent hand washing.
    It is important to discuss conjunctivitis with your child's health care provider as treatment may be different based on the source of the conjunctivitis (bacterial, viral or allergic). Your child may need to be excluded from school and this decision is made by your child's health care provider.

    Head Lice
      Look for
    small silvery nits fixed to the hair shaft, similar in appearance to dandruff, but not easily removed. Where nits have hatched, live lice may be seen. If nits are found, please call your health care provider regarding appropriate treatment. Your child should stay home from school until they have been treated.   
      Follow the directions  for any medication carefully. Cream rinse and conditioners can decrease the effectiveness of the treatment.
       It is a good idea to check your child's head weekly. Or when he/she complains of having an "itchy"
    scalp. Talk to your child and remind them not to share or borrow combs, brushes, hats or scarves.
       Please call the health office if your child has head lice.

    Pinworms
    Pinworms are tiny white worms which migrate to the bowel opening. The eggs are laid in the folds of the skin around the anus. They are spread from child to child by the eggs that are passed to the mouth and swallowed.
    1. How to check for Pinworms
    2. Inspect your child 2 to 3 hours after sleep
    3. Direct a bright light directly on the anus after spreading the buttocks
    4. Check every night for 1 week and re-examine in several weeks
    It takes from 15-28 days for the eggs to mature
    PLEASE NOTE: PINWORM INFESTATION REQUIRES TREATMENT BY A MEDICAL DOCTOR.
    On the same day the child is treated you should wash the sheets, pajamas, underclothes, and towels in HOT water to destroy eggs. You must also sweep or vacuum the floor of the child's bedroom and living area.

    Ringworm
    Ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus and can affect the scalp, fingers, toe nails or foot.
    Ringworm of the scalp begins as a small pimple and becomes larger and more scaly (small bald patches may occur). On the body, the infection appears as flat, red edged round area. It may appear either dry or scaly or moist and crusted. As it spreads, the center area clears and appears normal. Ringworm of the foot appears scaly with cracked skin, especially between the toes. If fingernails are infected, they become thicker, discolored and break easily.
    Ringworm is spread by skin to skin contact with infected people or pets or indirectly by contact with infected items (e.g., hair clippers), shower stalls or floors.
    If you suspect that your child has ringworm, you need to take your child to the doctor or health care provider. Medicine is needed for the treatment of ringworm. Following treatment, children may return to school if the lesions are covered.
    To prevent the spread of infection towels, hats and clothing should not be shared.

    Strep Throat
    Symptoms of Strep Throat usually appear 2-5 days after exposure.
    • Common Signs and Symptoms
    • Throat Pain
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus
    • Tiny red  spots on the soft or hard palate-the area at the back of the roof of the mouth
    • Swollen, tender lymph glands (nodes) in your neck
    • Fever
    • Headache
    • Rash
    • Stomachache and sometimes vomiting, especially in younger children
    For accurate diagnosis, a throat culture needs to be taken. Symptoms generally occur 2-3 days before a culture will show positive results. Following a culture being taken, your child should remain at home until you know the results. If medication is prescribed for strep throat, your child needs to be on the medicine for 24 hours before returning to school.