Common Childhood Diseases
Impetigo: A contagious skin infection that usually produces blisters or sores on the face, neck, hands and diaper area and is one of the most common skin infections among kids.
- Common signs and symptoms:
- itchy rash
- red sores that blister, then ooze
- the sores may grow in size and spread
Diligent hand washing is advised. If you suspect impetigo, your student needs to be seen by your health care provider. If your student is diagnosed with impetigo, he/she should not return to school until under treatment for 24 hours or until the lesions are dry.
Hand Foot and Mouth Disease is a common viral illness of infants and children. The disease causes fever and blister-like eruptions in the mouth and/or a skin rash.
Symptoms usually appear 3-5 days after exposure
- Common Signs and Symptoms:
- Poor Appetite
- Runny Nose
- Sore Throat
- A blister-like rash on the hands, feet and in the mouth usually develops 1 to 2 days after initial symptoms
Hand Foot Mouth disease is contagious and it is best controlled by diligent hand washing.
Conjunctivitis Commonly known as Pink Eye
Conjunctivitis can be bacterial, viral or allergic, so it is very important that, if your child has the symptoms below, you should call your child's health care provider for guidance
- Common Signs and Symptoms
- Irritated swollen eyes or eyelids
- Itching of the eyes
- Excessive tears
- Blurred vision that clears with blinking
- Green or yellow discharge
- Painful dried or crusted discharge on the eyelids
It is important to discuss conjunctivitis with your child's health care provider as treatment may be different based on the source of the conjunctivitis (bacterial, viral or allergic). Your child may need to be excluded from school and this decision is made by your child's health care provider.
Look for small silvery nits fixed to the hair shaft, similar in appearance to dandruff, but not easily removed. Where nits have hatched, live lice may be seen. If nits are found, please call your health care provider regarding appropriate treatment. Your child should stay home from school until they have been treated.
Follow the directions for any medication carefully. Cream rinse and conditioners can decrease the effectiveness of the treatment.
It is a good idea to check your child's head weekly. Or when he/she complains of having an "itchy"
scalp. Talk to your child and remind them not to share or borrow combs, brushes, hats or scarves.
Please call the health office if your child has head lice.
Pinworms are tiny white worms which migrate to the bowel opening. The eggs are laid in the folds of the skin around the anus. They are spread from child to child by the eggs that are passed to the mouth and swallowed.
- How to check for Pinworms
- Inspect your child 2 to 3 hours after sleep
- Direct a bright light directly on the anus after spreading the buttocks
- Check every night for 1 week and re-examine in several weeks
PLEASE NOTE: PINWORM INFESTATION REQUIRES TREATMENT BY A MEDICAL DOCTOR.
On the same day the child is treated you should wash the sheets, pajamas, underclothes, and towels in HOT water to destroy eggs. You must also sweep or vacuum the floor of the child's bedroom and living area.
Ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus and can affect the scalp, fingers, toe nails or foot.
Ringworm of the scalp begins as a small pimple and becomes larger and more scaly (small bald patches may occur). On the body, the infection appears as flat, red edged round area. It may appear either dry or scaly or moist and crusted. As it spreads, the center area clears and appears normal. Ringworm of the foot appears scaly with cracked skin, especially between the toes. If fingernails are infected, they become thicker, discolored and break easily.
Ringworm is spread by skin to skin contact with infected people or pets or indirectly by contact with infected items (e.g., hair clippers), shower stalls or floors.
If you suspect that your child has ringworm, you need to take your child to the doctor or health care provider. Medicine is needed for the treatment of ringworm. Following treatment, children may return to school if the lesions are covered.
To prevent the spread of infection towels, hats and clothing should not be shared.
Symptoms of Strep Throat usually appear 2-5 days after exposure.
- Common Signs and Symptoms
- Throat Pain
- Difficulty swallowing
- Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus
- Tiny red spots on the soft or hard palate-the area at the back of the roof of the mouth
- Swollen, tender lymph glands (nodes) in your neck
- Stomachache and sometimes vomiting, especially in younger children